HOW TO BEAD A ROGUE ELEPHANT
warrenfeld
…A Guide For The Aspiring Bead Artist
by Warren S. Feld
blog.landofodds.com

Excerpts From This Ever-Evolving Tale.....

I don’t mean to drag a poor Elephant by its tail, kicking and screaming, into our bead world against its wishes. Nor do I perceive the elephant to be a threat, like you might see an Elephant in the boudoir, or the fine china store. And I don’t want you to shut your eyes and pretend not to notice that this Elephant is here, standing shoulder to shoulder with every beader and jewelry maker around.

The Elephant is not a joke. And the fact that it is “Rogue” makes it more important than ever to figure out why it’s here, among size #10 English beading needles, and Czech size 11/0 seed beads, and Austrian crystal beads. It seems so worldly, yet other-worldly, our Elephant. It’s not our muse. It’s not our Cassandra. It has no secret plan or strategy. It does not depend on its size to make its point. It does not hesitate to stomp and chomp and clomp because the beads before it are raku or glass or gemstone or crystal or metal or plastic. But a Rogue Elephant in the middle of our craft room forces upon us a completely different logic, so that we can make sense of it all.|

CURRENT ROGUE ELEPHANT BLOG ARTICLES

Introduction


MEASUREMENTS YOU NEED TO KNOW

You need to know how the parts you use are measured. Some measurement involves the sizes of things. Other measurements involve the quantities of things in which they are pre-packaged, when bought.

Most bead sizes are measured in millimeters.
There are 25mm in an inch. Rulers are marked in inches on one side and millimeters on the other.

Wire sizes are written as gauge.
Somewhere on earth is a standard pipe. Gauge represents how many wires of a certain thickness can be shoved into that pipe.
The gauges most often used range between 18ga (1.0mm) and 24ga (0.5mm).
When you work with things thinner than 20ga (0.8mm) and smaller, you deal with some risks of unintended bending or breaking. Some very small beads, and many metal beads are sold by grams and ounces weights.
There are roughly 28 grams in an ounce
There are 2.2 pounds in a kilogram (1000 grams)

The hole sizes in beads vary, and the hole size is often critical, when picking a stringing material.
Some typical hole sizes:
Czech glass, .8mm (.032”)
Pearls, .5mm (.020”)
Gemstones, .8mm but the channels are often not straight and may narrow considerably in the middle of the bead (.032”)
Crystal beads, .8-1mm (.032” - .040”)
Wood beads, 1mm (.040”)
Something labeled as “Large Hole”, 1mm-3mm (.040” - .114”)
The metal-channel beads, 5mm (.204”)Stringing Material diameters
Cable wires: .014” (.36mm) -necklace, .019” (.50mm) -bracelet, .024” (.60mm) -eyeglass leash
Bead cords (nylon and silk): from .5 to 1.2mm (.020” - .050”)
Leather and Waxed Cotton: from .5mm to 5mm (.020” - .204”)When you buy more than 1 bead at a time, these measurements come into play:
Strand: usually, 25, 50, 100 or 200 beads tied up together
Mass: typically 1200 beads tied up together
hank: typically 10-14 16” strands of seed beads tied up together


Most frequently used bead sizes: between 4mm and 8mm
(and thus, the easiest to find, and with the most variety of colors, finishes, shapes and effects)


HOW MANY BEADS ON A STRAND?

Bead Size # Beads Per Inch

2mm 12.50
3mm 8.25
4mm 6.25
5mm 5.00
6mm 4.25
7mm 3.50
8mm 3.25
10mm 2.50
12mm 2.00
14mm 1.75
16mm 1.25
18mm 1.23
20mm 1.20

 

TYPICAL LENGTHS

Bracelets
Ladies, small, 6-7” including clasp
Ladies, average, 7 - 7 1/2 " including clasp
Ladies, medium, 7 – 8” including clasp
Ladies, large, 8 ½ - 9” including clasp
Mens, average, 8 - 8 1/2" including clasp
Mens, medium, 9 ½-10” including clasp
Mens, large, 10 ½-11” including clasp

Anklets
Ladies, 9 - 9 1/2" including clasp
Ladies, large, 10” including clasp
Mens, 9 1/2 - 10" including clasp
Mens, medium, 11-12” including clasp
Mens, large, 13-14” including clasp

Chokers
Ladies, tightfit, 15 1/2 - 16" including clasp
Ladies, loose-fit, 17 - 17 1/2" including clasp
Mens, tightfit, 16 1/2 - 17" including clasp
Mens, loose-fit, 18 - 18 1/2" including clasp

Collar
Ladies, 12-15”

Ladies Necklaces
With pendant drop, 18-19”
Matinee length, 20”
Hangs above breastplate - 22- 24"
Hangs at breastplate - 24-26"
Opera length, hangs just below breastplate - 30"
Hangs above navel - 36"
Rope length, 40-45”

Men’s Necklaces
Medium length, $19-23”
Long, 24+”

Lariat
48+ inches (has no clasp)


Eyeglass Leashes
Typically the length of the string or cord will be 20-30", 22" is the most common length.

 

 

 

Gauge To Inches To Millimeters

Gauge Inches Millimeters Gauge Inches Millimeters
0 .325 8.26 21 .028 .723
1 .289 7.35 22 .025 .644
2 .257 6.54 23 .023 .573
3 .229 5.83 24 .020 .511
4 .204 5.19 25 .018 .455
5 .182 4.62 26 .016 .405
6 .162 4.12 27 .014 .360
7 .144 3.66 28 .013 .321
8 .128 3.26 29 .011 .286
9 .114 2.91 30 .010 .255
10 .102 2.59 31 .0089 .2266
11 .091 2.30 32 .0080 .2019
12 .081 2.05 33 .0071 .1798
13 .072 1.83 34 .0063 .1600
14 .064 1.63 35 .0056 .1425
15 .057 1.45 36 .0050 .1270
16 .051 1.29 37 .0045 .1130
17 .045 1.15 38 .0040 .1006
18 .040 1.02 40 .0031 .0798
19 .036 .912
20 .032 .812

 

Millimeters (mm) to Inches

From This in
Millimeters
(mm)...
Equals ...To This
in Inches

2

=

.0787

3

=

.1181

4

=

.1575

5

=

.1968

6

=

.2362

7

=

.2756

8

=

.3150

9

=

.3543

10

=

.3937

11

=

.4331

12

=

.4724

14

=

.5512

16

=

.6299

18

=

.7087

20

=

.7874

24

=

.9449

28

=

1.1024

30

=

1.1811


 


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